Want to move to Europe? Here are all the digital nomad visas available for remote workers

Across Europe, countries are capitalizing on remote working by offering digital nomad visas.

Since the pandemic, many of us have enjoyed the freedom to work from anywhere.

Recognize the potential to increase their reporting tourism industries, countries ranging from Croatia to Spain make it easier to obtain temporary residency while working for a foreign company.

Not only does this help bridge low season gaps in tourism-dependent destinations, but it offers non-EU citizens peace of mind and the ability to legally work remotely.

Digital nomad visas helping host countries tackle other problems as well, from brain drain to aging populations.

If you are looking to move to Europe, work remotely, and gain the right to travel within the Schengen area, a digital nomad visa could be just the ticket.

Here is a comparison of remote work visas currently – or soon – available in Europe, including the duration of stayapplication fees and income conditions.

Some have been specifically designed for remote workers while others are existing visas that have been tailored for people who want to work while traveling.

What digital nomad visas are available in Europe?

Croatia: For a sun not hampered by fiscal difficulties

Duration of visa: One year, with possibility of renewal

Registration fees: Around 60 €

Income requirement: Around €2,300/month

Croatia launched its one-year residence permit for digital nomads in 2021. The program is open to non-EU/EEA citizens working in “communication technologies” – either through their own business registered abroad, either as remote employee for a company outside of Croatia.

Provided they do not need a tourist visa to enter Croatia, remote workers can apply for a one-year residence permit after arrival. Immediate family members can also apply for temporary residence.

Remote workers are currently not subject to income tax in Croatia.

Czech Republic: For affordable housing and fairytale castles

Duration of visa: Up to one year

Registration fees: 200 €

Income requirement: Must have €5,000 in your bank account

Remote workers can apply for a long-term commercial or freelance license in the Czech Republic. Known colloquially as the “zivno” visa (short for Zivnostenske opravneni or business permit), it is for non-EU citizens who are self-employed or run their own business.

It requires links to a company in the Czech Republic, so it can be used by those who intend to obtain local freelance work such as teaching.

Estonia: for cutting-edge digital infrastructure on a low budget

Duration of visa: One year, with possibility of six-month extension

Registration fees: 100 €

Income requirement: €3,500/month

Estonia launched its Digital Nomad Visa in the summer of 2020. It allows people working remotely for companies abroad – or freelancers with clients mainly abroad – to stay in Estonia for up to a year at that time. You can apply for an additional six-month visa after your original visa expires.

Candidates must have earned at least €3,500 net per month in the six months preceding their application.

If you stay in Estonia for more than six months, you will acquire tax residency and be subject to local taxes.

The country also offers “online residency”, which allows remote entrepreneurs to digitally access Estonia’s online services without providing residency. This can be used to run an online business, access banking services and file taxes in Estonia without living there.

Finland: for untouched nature in the happiest country in the world

Duration of visa: Six months

Registration fees: 400 €

Income requirement: €1,220/month

Finland’s self-employment visa is open to non-EU entrepreneurs who are self-employed or run an independent business. Applicants must meet the minimum income requirement and demonstrate means.

Greece: for the islands and the sun all year round

Duration of visa: One year, with the possibility of extension with a residence permit

Registration fees: 75 €

Income requirement: €3,500/month

Last year, Greece launched a program allowing non-EU citizens to live and work remotely in the country. To be approved, you must prove sufficient resources with a monthly income of at least €3,500.

Digital nomads are not allowed to work or become self-employed for Greek companies under this program.

Hungary: For thermal baths and economic life

Duration of visa: One year, with possibility of extension

Registration fees: 110 €

Income requirement: €2,000/month

Hungary’s “carte blanche” visa is open to non-EU digital nomads remote employees outside the country. You must stay in the country for at least 90 days within a 180 day period and will be exempt from tax in Hungary for the first six months.

You are not allowed to work for a Hungarian company under this scheme.

Iceland: For high-income outdoor explorers

Duration of visa: Six months

Registration fees: 86 €

Income requirement: €7,075/month

IcelandThe Long-Term Remote Work Visa is for high-income earners earning more than €7,000 per month, either as employees of a foreign company or as self-employed workers. The visa lasts for six months and applicants will not be considered tax residents during this period.

You are not allowed to work for Icelandic employers with this visa.

Italy: for a relaxed life and spectacular landscapes

Duration of visa: One year, with possibility of renewal

Registration fees: To confirm

Income requirement: To confirm

A new visa for digital nomads was signed in Italian law in March 2022. However, the details have yet to be finalized.

It is believed to be aimed at highly skilled workers. Applicants will likely need to meet a series of requirements, including having health insurance and a clean criminal record. They must also be tax compliant in Italy before applying.

Malta: For mild winters and days on the water

Duration of visa: One year

Registration fees: 300 €

Income requirement: €2,700/month

MaltaThe nomadic residence permit from is aimed at remote workers and freelancers who work for companies abroad. The one-year permit is open to third-country nationals.

Originally, the nomads were told that they would enjoy tax exemption as long as they continued to pay taxes back home. However, there have been legal complications with this pledge which are currently being resolved.

Portugal: for the wild coasts and oenological weekends

Duration of visa: One year

Registration fees: To confirm

Income requirement: €2,800/month

On October 30, 2022, Portugal will launch its digital nomad visa, officially called “residence visa for the exercise of a professional activity provided remotely outside the national territory”.

It is open to non-EU citizens who are employed or self-employed by a company outside Portugal.

The new scheme is an alternative to the existing ‘D7’ visa, which is aimed at retirees and people on ‘passive income’.

Romania: For long hikes and economical stays

Duration of visa: One year

Income requirement: €3,950/month (three times the average gross salary in Romania)

RomaniaThe digital nomad visa is aimed at non-EU citizens. Candidates must have health insurance, a clean criminal record and proof of income above €3,300 per month from a company outside of Romania.

If you have a tax residence in another country, you are not required to pay taxes in Romania under the scheme.

Spain: For beach getaways and tax breaks

Duration of visa: Up to five years

Registration fees: To confirm

Income requirement: Should be €2,000/month

SpainThe Digital Nomad Visa was first rumored in January and is expected to come into force in early 2023. The scheme would grant non-EU citizens the chance to live and work there for up to five year.

Although details are yet to be finalised, it is believed the scheme will be available to freelancers with proof of regular employment and contract employees working for companies outside of Spain.

Under current plans, tax breaks will be given to remote workers, who will only be able to pay 15% tax for the first four years of their stay instead of the usual 24%.

The required income is likely to be €2,000 per month.

Norway: For mountaineering and local affairs

Duration of visa: Up to two years

Registration fees: 600 €

Income requirement: €3,000/month

Eligible non-EU digital nomads can apply for a residence permit and independent entrepreneur visa to live and work remotely in Norway. Applicants must have at least one Norwegian client and are required to pay local taxes under the program.

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