Main European countries that offer independent visas

In order to make the working process more flexible, efficient and beneficial, several European countries have started offering independent visas and digital nomadic visas to foreigners. These allow third country nationals to live in a European Union country while working for companies and clients in other EU countries and further around the world.

At present, the European countries listed below offer such possibilities, although the requirements for obtaining such visas and travel permits differ between them, reports


Those interested in working as freelancers in Spain should pursue the so-called autonomo. To be registered as a self-employed person, a person must prove that they are independent and independent or that they run a small business.

In addition, the Spanish authorities have announced that they are planning to launch a special visa dedicated to digital nomads with the aim of attracting talented people from all over the world and increasing investment.

Once a person comes to Spain to live and also work remotely, they are eligible to complete an application for a residence permit.


Another European country which offers great opportunities for freelancers interested in remote work.

Thanks to the liberal profession visa, a self-employed person will be authorized to work in France without having to find an employer to sponsor the self-employed visa. Foreigners who plan to set up a new business in France belong to one of the liberal professional categories.

They will be issued a long-stay visa, equivalent to a residence permit, under the mention “entrepreneur / liberal profession”. It will be valid for one year, provided that the holder requests validation of the visa on the fifteenth day of his arrival.

To hold such a visa, a person must prove that they can earn at least € 1,540 per month.

They are also required to complete all the formalities required to be authorized to exercise their professional activities in France.


Portugal is also very popular for its self-employed visa for all those interested in a visa allowing a long stay and authorization to earn a living in Europe.

Applicants interested in such a visa have two possibilities:

  • A residence visa for those interested in working independently (working locally for Portuguese clients as a contract employee)
  • A residence visa for entrepreneurial work (digital nomadic visa bringing together clients from other countries of the world.

According to 2019 data provided by the World Bank, 16.9% of people in Portugal are self-employed or self-employed, which shows that these figures are higher than the EU average (15.2%).


The German self-employment visa, known as the Freiberufler, allows its holder to work remotely in Germany, provided that they meet specific conditions to hold the self-employment visa.

In addition, people must prove that they have sufficient income, which means that they must have at least € 5,000 in a German bank account.

The residence permit for people interested in working as a self-employed person can be extended for more than three years. To benefit from such an extension, people must prove that they have already succeeded in their self-employed activity. In addition, a person must also prove that he is generating sufficient profit to cover living expenses.

After working for three days with a residence permit to work as a self-employed person, a person can obtain a settlement permit.


Previously, the Croatian authorities also unveiled their plans to launch the digital nomadic visa for all those interested in working remotely, regardless of location and time in the Balkan country.

Such an announcement was confirmed by the country’s prime minister in a post on Twitter, in which he stressed that Croatia would adapt the law on foreigners to make the stay of digital nomads legal.

Temporary stay is granted for up to a year (maybe even less), and it cannot be extended», Indicates the statement released by the Croatian Ministry of the Interior.

The same source reveals that the new request for payment of the stay of digital nomads can be filed six months after the expiration of the previous document relating to the same purpose.

Among other requirements, third-country nationals who regulate their stay as digital nomads must have at least 2.5 average monthly net salaries paid for the previous year, according to data from the country’s Bureau of Statistics.

Currently, the required monthly amount is at least 16,907.50 HRK, which means that if people plan to stay in Croatia for 12 months, they must prove that they have at least 202,890 , 00 HRK.


Malta also launched its nomadic residence permits in June 2021, which allow travelers to work while living in the country.

Everyone interested in living in Malta while working remotely must prove that they are earning at least € 2,700 per month.

Malta Nomadic Residence Permits allow people from third countries to need a visa to travel to Malta. Such a permit will be issued for one year and may be renewed on request at Residency Malta’s discretion, as indicated by Residency Malta. However, applicants must meet specific requirements.

Anyone interested in staying in Malta for less than a year will be issued a national visa during their stay.


Estonian authorities have approved amendments to the Aliens Act to allow the launch of a digital nomadic visa, making this Baltic country one of the first territories in the world to create such travel permits.

The Estonia Digital Nomadic Visa allows interested people to work regardless of their place of residence and entrepreneurs to reside in this country for more than 365 days per year while working for employers or clients abroad.

The Interior Ministry previously stressed that such a visa could be granted for short and long term stay intentions.

However, individuals should meet the following requirements when considering applying for such a travel permit:

  • Prove that they can work regardless of location and perform their tasks remotely using telecommunications technology.
  • Prove that they have an active employment contract with a company registered outside Estonia.
  • Prove that the income has reached the minimum threshold in the six months preceding the application. Currently, the monthly income is € 3,504.


Romania has also announced that it will launch the Digital Nomad Visa program for all internationals interested in working remotely.

In this regard, at the end of September, the Romanian Senate approved the bill which would help to implement such a regime in this country. Then the bill was sent to the Chamber of Deputies for debate.

According to the co-founder and co-founder and director of business development of Impact Hub Bucharest, Vlad Craiovean, Romania’s decision to introduce the Digital Nomad Visa program would bring more benefits to holders of these travel permits by compared to other European countries or even the United States, where the cost of living is almost 50% higher.

Moreover, in Romania, for one person, the expenses are on average less than 500 € per month, underlined the Craioveaun, as reported by the Recursive.


In order to bring more foreigners to their country, the Greek authorities have passed a new law that allows holders of digital nomadic visas to pay half of their income tax.

In addition, since the beginning of this year, self-employed workers are allowed to enter this country as temporary residents.

“Following a series of remote work visas unveiled by countries around the world over the past six months, Greece and Croatia are the latest countries to roll out the red carpet for remote workers globally with programs designed to attract digital expats to their shores in an effort to replace lost tourism dollars from the pandemic,“, Reads a report published by the Citizenship by Investment Guide.

The Hellenic Republic is also trying to get a large number of digital nomads to work in this country.

Holders of non-EU travel documents, including self-employed persons, must complete an application for a long-stay visa for a period of more than 12 months. Applicants are required to provide proof that they have a stable income while remaining in Greece, not less than 3,500 euros per month.

Czech Republic

The low cost of renting a home office in Czechia, along with the availability of housing, makes this country one of the best places for anyone interested in remote working.

Self-employed persons can benefit from the Czech Republic work permit by applying for a long-term visa called “Zinvo visa”, taking into account the business license. In order to be eligible for such a visa, applicants must provide a copy of the business license or documents indicating that the applicant will work from the territory of the Czech Republic.

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