Romania is one more step towards the adoption of the digital nomad visa as members of Parliament, in collaboration with the Ministry of Research, Innovation and Digitization, submitted on May 12, 2021, a draft of law regulating this subject. To find out more about this project, BR spoke to Diana Buzoianu, Member of the Romanian Parliament and initiator of the Digital Nomad Visa program.
What are the main advantages of Romania in attracting digital nomads?
One of the main advantages that make Romania a top destination for digital nomads is mainly the fast internet speed for which the country is famous. Attractive cost of living and excellent connectivity are among the pull factors for remote workers.
Are there examples of EU countries that have successfully adopted this model?
One of the latest trends in EU Member States is the digital nomad visa. Currently, several countries have chosen to reform their migration laws in order to attract remote workers. Estonia, for example, is one of the main Member States to adopt the digital nomad visa model. Other Member States that have followed similar initiatives are Germany, Croatia and Greece, which is the latest to promote the visa program.
Given the novelty of the digital nomad visa, in Europe, impact studies have not yet been carried out. Nevertheless, in Argentina, national authorities have released a forecast stating that by 2023, more than 22,000 digital nomads would inject around 140 million euros into the national economy.
What types of jobs / industrial sectors could attract digital nomads to Romania?
The digital nomad visa program is not limited to any area of practice or industry. This takes into account recent statistics showing that remote working is an increasing trend in all areas of work, in the context of COVID. Still, it’s fair to assume that some industries are more likely than others to have digital nomads. Remote jobs are very popular in the digital sector, the communications field or the analytics industry.
What would be the main advantages for Romania?
The main benefit for Romania is the economic boost that emerges from the financial capital that digital nomads will spend in the country. Expenses such as rent, living expenses and travel around the country will accelerate the economic recovery from the recession caused by the COVID-19 epidemic. Other benefits include the growth of the domestic tourism industry, as digital nomads would choose to explore Romanian and, indirectly, promote it. Overall, by living in Romania, all digital nomads would contribute financially to the economy either directly through investment or indirectly through daily expenses.
Is there a plan to “settle” in the long term these digital nomads who arrive in Romania, become entrepreneurs, start-up founders or highly qualified employees who could benefit the local economy?
Digital nomads have the option to settle in Romania after the visa permit expires once they have applied for a permanent residence permit. It is Romania’s mission, as is the case with any other competitive European country, to show its advantages and advantages so that digital nomads want to stay here, in order to attract and retain valuable professionals.
Elsewhere, digital nomads also tend to take part-time jobs or enroll in university courses in their host country; is this an aspect that you have taken into account in your project?
In Romania, the visa program has been specially designed for professionals. However, from a practical point of view, the file that must be registered and approved for study or work visas here in Romania is similar to the one that the digital nomad must complete to come to this country on a visa. digital nomad. Most of the work will therefore already be done and, taking into account the prior checking of the digital nomad visa file, it is likely that the additional purpose would also be achieved if the legal conditions are met.
Is there a risk that digital nomads will use their status to escape tax debt in their home country without immigrating into Romania’s tax system?
All applicants for the digital nomad visa program are required to provide proof of their official income in their place of origin. The digital nomadic visa bill does not regulate a specific tax regime for digital nomads. The applicable tax regulations will be the general rules already applicable to any other category of foreigners coming to Romania with any category of visa. These regulations are, for the most part, based on European regulations or international conventions concluded between Romania and EU member states or third states.